I have been on medication for hypothyroidism for over two years, but I’ve continued to gain weight and now developed severe knee pain. Please help.
Thyroid-related issues can be delicate to balance, and many nutritional factors play an important role in optimising thyroid function. Selenium is an important antioxidant for the production of the hormone, so add selenium-rich foods to your diet. Munch on Brazil nuts, but not more than three a day, and include tuna, crab, lobster and eggs to your diet, in moderation.
Cruciferous veggies like broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower can be consumed steamed. This prevents the effect of goitrin on your thyroid gland.
Limit your intake of millets and soy-based supplements as they can interfere with thyroxine production. You can have small amounts of soy in its natural form like edamame beans, but avoid mock meats completely.
Go for omega 3 fats, cod liver oil or organic pasteurised butter to improve the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, and get vitamin D and B12 levels tested.
On the exercise front, start slowly yet steadily. With fatigue and weight gain this can be a challenge, but I advise you follow a structured programme to get better.