Q: I’m a 52-year-old female and am suffering from UTI frequently since menopause. 

A: Urinary tract infections (UTI) occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and multiply in the bladder. Though our urinary system is designed to keep out the entry of bacteria, this defense may fail sometimes. Most bacterial causes of UTI, originate in the rectum, colonise in the urethra, and ascend to the bladder and multiply in the bladder. Women are at higher risk of developing UTI than men. Women have a shorter urethra than men, which reduces the distance bacteria must travel to reach the bladder. After menopause, a drop in oestrogen causes changes in the urinary tract that can make a females more vulnerable to UTIs. In postmenopausal women, factors like urinary incontinence and bladder prolapse contribute to recurrent to this.

It is important to distinguish clinically between relapse and re-infection because relapsing infection necessitates longer therapy.

UTIs don't always exhibit symptoms; some symptoms are strong, persistent urge to urinate, burning sensation while urinating, frequent urination, cloudy urine, reddish or pink coloured urine, strong smelling urine, pelvic and pubic pain. Serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to the kidneys. Infection of the bladder (cystitis) is usually caused by E. coli, a type of bacteria commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract. Infections, such as herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia and mycoplasma, can also cause urethritis. Those having abnormalities in the urinary tract; blockages in the urinary tract, kidney stones, enlarged prostate, and those having a suppressed immune system and diabetes are at higher risk of developing UTI.

There are very effective Ayurveda medicines to treat UTI.

Follow below mentioned preventive measures:

• Drink plenty of liquids including tender coconut water to flush out bacteria before an infection can begin. Water boiled with Tribulus terrestris seeds is helpful.

• Some studies show drinking cranberry juice prevents UTIs.

• Avoid using deodorant sprays, douches, perfumed soaps, bubble baths and powders, in the genital area.

• Reduce consumption of coffee and soft drinks containing citrus juices and caffeine

• Apply a heating pad to abdomen to minimize bladder pressure or discomfort.

Dr VL Shyam is a Dubai-based Ayurveda practitioner. Got a problem? Our fantastic panel of renowned experts is available to answer all your questions related to fashion, well-being, nutrition, finance and hypnotherapy. Email your queries to friday@gulfnews.com.

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