Q: Do men also undergo hormonal imbalances? How does one check for male hormonal imbalances?

We’ve read and heard a lot about hormonal imbalances in women, but men too could be suffering from it. Just as physical inactivity, high intake of sugar, refined carbs and constant stress affect the glands that produce hormones and disturb the hormonal balance in women, men too experience hormonal fluctuations at different stages.

[Don't ignore the symptoms: a men’s health guide for every age group]

Symptoms such as reduced sex drive, low sperm count, reduced muscle mass, man boobs, fatigue and unexplained weight gain could be due to hormonal fluctuations.

Men may experience the above issues because of a drop in testosterone levels and elevated oestrogen levels. This could also upset the levels of certain other hormones.

Insulin resistance and low testosterone levels are strongly linked. That is why men with type 2 diabetes should get their hormone levels checked.

Correcting insulin problems by eating whole foods, cutting out gluten, dairy, sugar, and doing some exercise to build muscle may naturally raise testosterone levels.

Excessive alcohol intake does not allow the liver to expel extra oestrogen contributing to oestrogen dominance in men.

In addition, constipation and imbalances in the gut bacteria can lead to the reabsorption of oestrogen from the gut back into your blood, even after your liver has tried to get rid of it.

The hormones that should be assessed in men are luteinising hormone, total and free testosterone (TT and FT), prolactin, Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), estradiol, sex hormone binding globulin, and follicle stimulating (FSH). Healthy eating and regular workouts should be your first line of treatment to rebalance your hormones.

Rashi Chowdhary is a nutritionist, diabetes educator and creator of The Protein Bake Shop. Got a problem? Our fantastic panel of renowned experts is available to answer all your questions related to fashion, well-being, nutrition, finance and hypnotherapy. Email your queries to friday@gulfnews.com.