I’m a 26-year-old and suffer from extreme pain and discomfort during menstruation. I take painkillers and use a hot water bag during this time, but the first two days of my period leave me unable to function. Is there a solution in homeopathy?

Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for pain with menstruation. There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary.

Primary dysmenorrhea refers to common menstrual cramps that are not caused by any other diseases.

Pain usually begins one or two days before the start of menstruation, or when menstrual bleeding starts. It is felt in the lower abdomen, back, or thighs.

Pain can range from mild to severe, can typically last 6 to 72 hours, and can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, fatigue and even diarrhoea. Common menstrual cramps could become less painful as a woman ages, and may stop entirely if the woman has a baby.

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Secondary dysmenorrhea is pain that is caused by a disorder in the woman’s reproductive organs, such as endometriosis, adenomyosis, uterine fibroids, or infection. Pain from secondary dysmenorrhea usually begins earlier in the menstrual cycle. This lasts longer and is more severe than common menstrual cramps.

Menstrual cramps are caused by contractions (tightening) in the uterus (which is a muscle) by a chemical called prostaglandin. During menstruation, the uterus contracts more strongly. If the uterus contracts too strongly, it can press against nearby blood vessels, reducing the supply of oxygen to the muscle tissue of the uterus, resulting in pain.

In my experience, homeopathy works extremely well in pain management as well as treating the condition for long-lasting results. Primary and secondary dysmenorrhea both needs constitutional treatment.

A detailed history is needed because every person with endometriosis or fibroids is different; individual consultations will be carried out to tailor the medicine to a person’s unique characteristics.

What is also needed is patience, as the results take time. The only way to know that the treatment is working is when you notice a gradual reduction in the intensity of the pain in every following menstrual cycle. A licensed homeopath can help you in this journey.

Riyaz Badami is a Dubai-based homoeopathic practitioner and medical director at Good Living Medical Centre. Got a problem? Our fantastic panel of renowned experts is available to answer all your questions related to fashion, well-being, nutrition, finance and hypnotherapy. Email your queries to friday@gulfnews.com.